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1.  Clinical Innovation
Soldered Power Arm: An Easy and Effective Method for Intrusion and Retraction of Anterior Teeth
Ketan K Vakil, Pawankumar Dnyandeo Tekale, Jeegar K Vakil
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:72-75] [No of Hits : 2014]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1221 | FREE


The orthodontic correction of deep overbite can be achieved with several mechanisms that will result in true intrusion of anterior teeth, extrusion of posterior teeth, or a combination of both. For the orthodontic correction of bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion with deep bite, there are several treatment modalities like segmented arch approach, retraction and intrusion utility arches, temporary anchorage devices. Though not a novel therapeutic concept, the use of miniscrew implants to obtain absolute anchorage has recently become very popular in clinical orthodontic approaches. To allow the use of sliding mechanics for bodily retraction with intrusion of anterior teeth, we devised a soldered power arm (SPA) on standard molar tube. It is simple, stable, precise and effective in cases where anterior teeth need to be simultaneously retracted and intruded. A power arm can be readily fabricated from 20 gauge stainless steel wire and soldered on the molar buccal tube so as to avoid any distortion or loosening of power arm from molar tube during the course of the treatment. The SPA works efficiently with the molar being stabilized in all three planes of space. The resultant force vector is directed more apically toward the center of resistance of the anchor unit, which resulted in the treatment outcome of retraction and intrusion of the anterior teeth and correction of the deep bite.

Keywords: Soldered power arm, Retraction, Intrusion, Adult treatment.

How to cite this article: Vakil KK, Tekale PD, Vakil JK. Soldered

Power Arm: An Easy and Effective Method for Intrusion and Retraction of Anterior Teeth. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1):72-75.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 29/6/13

Accepted after Revision: 16/7/13

2.  Clinical Innovation
Gagster: A New Technique for Maxillary Impression without Gagging
Abraham Thomas, Budharaju Srinivas Raju, Manoj Varma, Faizal Chulliyile Peedikayil, Dinesh Gopal
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:69-71] [No of Hits : 1587]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1220 | FREE


Gagging during maxillary impression procedures is a patient reflex considered normal, often encountered by orthodontists. In the maxillary impression making technique described the commonly available plastic food grade wraps are used and have been named as Gagster. It helps to reduce the posterior flow of impression material and also prevents accidental aspiration.

Keywords: Gagster, Gag reflex, Maxillary impression.

How to cite this article: Thomas A, Raju BS, Varma M, Peedikayil FC, Gopal D. Gagster: A New Technique for Maxillary Impression without Gagging. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1): 69-71.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 28/4/13

Accepted after Revision: 21/6/13

3.  Original Article
Cephalometric Assessment of Sagittal Dysplasia: A Review of Twenty-One Methods
Vinay Kumar, Shobha Sundareswaran
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:33-41] [No of Hits : 705]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1215 | FREE


The anteroposterior discrepancy is usually of utmost concern to patients and parents and hence has received maximum attention in orthodontics. A number of analyses have been proposed over the years with varying degrees of reliability and success in assessing sagittal jaw relationships. It is absolutely essential that a clinician be aware of a range of analyses to be used in different situations. This review provides an insight into the various cephalometric methods used for evaluation of the anteroposterior jaw relationship in chronologic order and their clinical implications in contemporary orthodontics.

Keywords: Sagittal dysplasia, Anteroposterior discrepancy, Cephalometric analysis.

How to cite this article: Kumar V, Sundareswaran S. Cephalometric Assessment of Sagittal Dysplasia: A Review of Twenty-One Methods. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1):33-41.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 25/5/13

Accepted after Revision: 20/6/13

4.  Clinical Innovations
Vibhute Class II Correction Appliance
Pavankumar Janardan Vibhute
[Year:2013] [Month:January-March] [Volume:47 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:48-52] [No of Hits : 2577]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1129 | FREE


Fixed functional appliances have gained the popularity for growth modification in noncompliant patients, especially hybrid types. But for this, clinicians have to depend on certain commercially available appliances; otherwise components required in fabrication of hybrid type appliances are not routinely available in clinics, which discourage their, use. Additionally, these preformed appliances have less scope in changing their length as per patient's requirement of particular mandibular advancement. This article explains the chairside fabrication of open coil NiTi spring loaded hybrid type fixed functional appliance named 'Vibhute Class II Correction Appliance' (VCCA). This custom-made tinier and hygienic design provides stable fixation, less breakages with increased range of mandibular movement involving unrestricted mouth opening. VCCA permits quick chairside fabrication with ease in installation of appliance and is inexpensive.

Keywords: Fixed functional appliance, Class II correction, NiTi open coil spring, Mandibular advancement, Growth modification, Fatigue resistant device, VCCA.

How to cite this article: Vibhute PJ. Vibhute Class II Correction Appliance. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(1):48-52.

5.  Review Article
The Rise of Indian Orthodontics: A Historical Perspective
Meha Verma Teja, Tanvir Singh Teja, Sadashiva Shetty, Rita Kashyap
[Year:2013] [Month:July-September] [Volume:47 ] [Number:3] [Pages:58] [Pages No:113-120] [No of Hits : 2215]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1142 | FREE


This article presents the evolution of dentistry and in particular orthodontics, in India. We have come a long way since dental education was first introduced to us Indians, the wave of change brought about by the most esteemed and respectable pioneers of our profession, have led us to form a strong dental community in this world of tough competition. This article also presents the work of the great achievers of orthodontia, who have helped us raise the level of ‘Indian Orthodontics’ and have enabled us to soar to greater heights.

Keywords: Mythology, History, Dentistry, Colleges, Orthodontics, Pioneers.

How to cite this article: Teja MV, Teja TS, Shetty S, Kashyap R. The Rise of Indian Orthodontics: A Historical Perspective. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(3):113-120.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

6.  Case Report
An Innovative Treatment Approach with Atypical Orthodontic Extraction Pattern in Bimaxillary Protrusion Case
Anil Miglani, Reena R Kumar, Ashish Chopra, Sangeeta Sunda
[Year:2013] [Month:January-March] [Volume:47 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:39-43] [No of Hits : 1747]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1127 | FREE


This case report describes the treatment of a 23-year-old female with severe bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion and missing left mandibular first molar. Her chief concern was significant facial convexity. Generally treatment plan of such cases involves extraction of first premolars but absence of first molar complicates situation with problem of space management, anchorage requirement and post-treatment occlusion. This case report introduces thought provoking treatment approach of selecting atypical teeth for orthodontic extraction without compromising the quality of treatment outcomes. However, three first bicuspids were extracted while the mandibular left second premolar was distalized into the missing molar space and used as an abutment for replacement of the missing first molar by prosthesis. Despite the unusual asymmetric extraction of teeth, superimposition of the pretreatment and post-treatment cephalometric tracings shows excellent treatment outcomes and reduction of facial convexity by maximum retraction of the anterior teeth.

Keywords: Atypical orthodontic extraction, Missing mandibular molar, Bimaxillary dentoalvelar protrusion.

How to cite this article: Miglani A, Kumar RR, Chopra A, Sunda S. An Innovative Treatment Approach with Atypical Orthodontic Extraction Pattern in Bimaxillary Protrusion Case. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(1):39-43.

7.  Original Articles
The Effect of Various Ligation Methods on Friction in Sliding Mechanics
Amit Gupta, Ravindra B Sable
[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47 ] [Number:2] [Pages:60] [Pages No:83-87] [No of Hits : 1669]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1134 | FREE


Aim: To evaluate the effect of ligation method on friction and the efficacy of the new slick elastomeric modules (TP Orthodontics, USA) and slide elastomeric modules (Leone Orthodontics, Italy) which claim to reduce friction at the module/wire interface.

Materials and methods: Slick and slide modules were compared with regular modules, modules tied in figure of eight fashion, tight stainless steel ligatures, and loose stainless steel ligatures. Brackets used for the study were 0.022" × 0.028" maxillary first premolar twin brackets (MBT Prescription, Gemini series, 3M Unitek USA.) The effect of bracket width on friction produced with four different methods of ligation was also studied using 0.022" × 0.028" maxillary first premolar single width brackets (Alexander prescription, Leone Co. Italy).

Results: When considering tooth movement along a 0.019" × 0.025" in stainless steel archwire, Super slick module produce less friction when compared to regular module, module tied in 'figure of 8' pattern and tight SS ligation produced more friction when compared to loose SS ligation and slide module. Slide modules produce least friction when compared to other available methods of ligation. Modules tied in a 'figure of 8' pattern generate highest friction.

Conclusion: Slide modules produce least friction followed by loose SS ligation, slick modules, regular modules, tight SS ligation and highest friction was produced by regular modules tied in a 'figure of 8' pattern. Width of bracket had no influence on friction produced.

Keywords:Bracket archwire interface, Friction, Method of ligation.

How to Cite this article: Gupta A, Sable RB. The Effect of Various Ligation Methods on Friction in Sliding Mechanics. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(2):83-87.

8.  Clinical Innovation
Kansal’s Retainer: A Removable, Tooth-Borne Orthodontic Retainer
Sudhanshu Kansal, Piush Kumar, Gurkeerat Singh, Pradeep Raghav, Vimal Thareja
[Year:2013] [Month:October-December(Supplement-II)] [Volume:47 ] [Number:4] [Pages:62] [Pages No:353-356] [No of Hits : 1591]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1186 | FREE


Adequate retention of a finished orthodontic patient can be the difference between a successful or an unsuccessful treatment. The acrylic portion of the conventional Hawley’s appliance causes a reduced compliance in many orthodontic patients. In an attempt to overcome the drawbacks of the previously used orthodontic retainers a tooth-borne orthodontic retainer was designed, also called the ‘Kansal’s retainer’ (Patent pending).

Keywords: Retainer, Tooth-borne, Kansal’s bow.

How to cite this article: Kansal S, Kumar P, Singh G, Raghav P, Thareja V. Kansal’s Retainer: A Removable, Tooth-Borne Orthodontic Retainer. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(4):353-356.

9.  Case Report
‘M’ Mechanics for the Management of Maxillary Midline Diastema
Anand Pramod Sondankar, Nitin Gulve, Sheetal Patani
[Year:2013] [Month:October-December] [Volume:47 ] [Number:4] [Pages:62] [Pages No:229-231] [No of Hits : 1504]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1163 | FREE


Maxillary midline diastema is commonly occurring malocclusion. Variety of treatment modalities are suggested for the management of diastema. This article presents a case report in which 14-year-old female patient was treated for the maxillary midline diastema of size 3 mm after extraction of supernumerary tooth between upper central incisors. The index of orthodontic treatment was mild (Grade 2). MBT 0.022'' brackets were bonded on the maxillary central incisors. M spring was fabricated, activated and ligated initially with round archwire followed by rectangular archwire. Successful closure of diastema was seen with total treatment duration of 4 months. This method is efficient, effective, require less inventory. This saves precious chairside time of orthodontics and reduces treatment duration as well.

Keywords: Malocclusion, Diastema, Archwire, Bonding, Brackets.

How to cite this article: Sondankar AP, Gulve N, Patani S. 'M' Mechanics for the Management of Maxillary Midline Diastema. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(4):229-231.

10.  Original Articles
A Cephalometric Study of Various Horizontal Reference Planes in Natural Head Position
Divya Shetty, Dinesh Kumar Bagga, Sandeep Goyal, Payal Sharma
[Year:2013] [Month:July-September] [Volume:47 ] [Number:3] [Pages:58] [Pages No:143-147] [No of Hits : 1424]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1146 | FREE


Various intra and extracranial cephalometric horizontal reference planes have been used to formulate diagnosis and plan individualized treatment for an integrated correction of the malocclusion.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate variability of intracranial reference planes, i.e sella-nasion, basion-nasion, Frankfurt horizontal, functional occlusal, mandibular and maxillary-mandibular bisector planes, in relation to the true horizontal plane in natural head position and their relationship to each other.

Materials and methods: For the present study, 100 subjects (50 males and 50 females) were selected between the age group of 17 and 25 years having pleasing profile with competent lips with Angle’s Class I molar relationship and normal overjet and overbite with no history of taking any form of orthodontic treatment.

Results: The data collected was statistically analyzed. Pearson’s correlation coefficient to quantify the strength of association between the pairs of angular variables was calculated. Their significance, i.e. p-value was set at p < 0.001.
Reproducibility for natural head position over a 2-month period was quantified by measuring the difference between the variable Frankfurt horizontal/ true horizontal at initial (T1) and second (T2) recordings of the randomly selected subjects (n = 10). Significance for statistical test was set at p < 0.05. The results inferred on studying the data for intraindividual natural head position reproducibility was that the reproducibility was less variable (more reliable) than the interindividual variability of craniofacial reference planes related to horizontal plane.

Conclusion: Among all the reference planes studied, the Frankfurt horizontal plane was closest to the true horizontal and thus could be recommended as a reference plane, when radiographs were not recorded in natural head position.

Keywords: Cephalometric, NHP, Malocclusion.

How to cite this article: Shetty D, Bagga DK, Goyal S, Sharma P. A Cephalometric Study of Various Horizontal Reference Planes in Natural Head Position. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(3):143-147.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

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