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1.  Clinical Innovations
Vibhute Class II Correction Appliance
Pavankumar Janardan Vibhute
[Year:2013] [Month:January-March] [Volume:47 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:48-52] [No of Hits : 2196]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1129 | FREE


Fixed functional appliances have gained the popularity for growth modification in noncompliant patients, especially hybrid types. But for this, clinicians have to depend on certain commercially available appliances; otherwise components required in fabrication of hybrid type appliances are not routinely available in clinics, which discourage their, use. Additionally, these preformed appliances have less scope in changing their length as per patient's requirement of particular mandibular advancement. This article explains the chairside fabrication of open coil NiTi spring loaded hybrid type fixed functional appliance named 'Vibhute Class II Correction Appliance' (VCCA). This custom-made tinier and hygienic design provides stable fixation, less breakages with increased range of mandibular movement involving unrestricted mouth opening. VCCA permits quick chairside fabrication with ease in installation of appliance and is inexpensive.

Keywords: Fixed functional appliance, Class II correction, NiTi open coil spring, Mandibular advancement, Growth modification, Fatigue resistant device, VCCA.

How to cite this article: Vibhute PJ. Vibhute Class II Correction Appliance. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(1):48-52.

2.  Original Articles
The Effect of Various Ligation Methods on Friction in Sliding Mechanics
Amit Gupta, Ravindra B Sable
[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47 ] [Number:2] [Pages:60] [Pages No:83-87] [No of Hits : 1199]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1134 | FREE


Aim: To evaluate the effect of ligation method on friction and the efficacy of the new slick elastomeric modules (TP Orthodontics, USA) and slide elastomeric modules (Leone Orthodontics, Italy) which claim to reduce friction at the module/wire interface.

Materials and methods: Slick and slide modules were compared with regular modules, modules tied in figure of eight fashion, tight stainless steel ligatures, and loose stainless steel ligatures. Brackets used for the study were 0.022" × 0.028" maxillary first premolar twin brackets (MBT Prescription, Gemini series, 3M Unitek USA.) The effect of bracket width on friction produced with four different methods of ligation was also studied using 0.022" × 0.028" maxillary first premolar single width brackets (Alexander prescription, Leone Co. Italy).

Results: When considering tooth movement along a 0.019" × 0.025" in stainless steel archwire, Super slick module produce less friction when compared to regular module, module tied in 'figure of 8' pattern and tight SS ligation produced more friction when compared to loose SS ligation and slide module. Slide modules produce least friction when compared to other available methods of ligation. Modules tied in a 'figure of 8' pattern generate highest friction.

Conclusion: Slide modules produce least friction followed by loose SS ligation, slick modules, regular modules, tight SS ligation and highest friction was produced by regular modules tied in a 'figure of 8' pattern. Width of bracket had no influence on friction produced.

Keywords:Bracket archwire interface, Friction, Method of ligation.

How to Cite this article: Gupta A, Sable RB. The Effect of Various Ligation Methods on Friction in Sliding Mechanics. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(2):83-87.

3.  Review Article
The Rise of Indian Orthodontics: A Historical Perspective
Meha Verma Teja, Tanvir Singh Teja, Sadashiva Shetty, Rita Kashyap
[Year:2013] [Month:July-September] [Volume:47 ] [Number:3] [Pages:58] [Pages No:113-120] [No of Hits : 1189]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1142 | FREE


This article presents the evolution of dentistry and in particular orthodontics, in India. We have come a long way since dental education was first introduced to us Indians, the wave of change brought about by the most esteemed and respectable pioneers of our profession, have led us to form a strong dental community in this world of tough competition. This article also presents the work of the great achievers of orthodontia, who have helped us raise the level of ‘Indian Orthodontics’ and have enabled us to soar to greater heights.

Keywords: Mythology, History, Dentistry, Colleges, Orthodontics, Pioneers.

How to cite this article: Teja MV, Teja TS, Shetty S, Kashyap R. The Rise of Indian Orthodontics: A Historical Perspective. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(3):113-120.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

4.  Case Report
An Innovative Treatment Approach with Atypical Orthodontic Extraction Pattern in Bimaxillary Protrusion Case
Anil Miglani, Reena R Kumar, Ashish Chopra, Sangeeta Sunda
[Year:2013] [Month:January-March] [Volume:47 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:39-43] [No of Hits : 1102]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1127 | FREE


This case report describes the treatment of a 23-year-old female with severe bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion and missing left mandibular first molar. Her chief concern was significant facial convexity. Generally treatment plan of such cases involves extraction of first premolars but absence of first molar complicates situation with problem of space management, anchorage requirement and post-treatment occlusion. This case report introduces thought provoking treatment approach of selecting atypical teeth for orthodontic extraction without compromising the quality of treatment outcomes. However, three first bicuspids were extracted while the mandibular left second premolar was distalized into the missing molar space and used as an abutment for replacement of the missing first molar by prosthesis. Despite the unusual asymmetric extraction of teeth, superimposition of the pretreatment and post-treatment cephalometric tracings shows excellent treatment outcomes and reduction of facial convexity by maximum retraction of the anterior teeth.

Keywords: Atypical orthodontic extraction, Missing mandibular molar, Bimaxillary dentoalvelar protrusion.

How to cite this article: Miglani A, Kumar RR, Chopra A, Sunda S. An Innovative Treatment Approach with Atypical Orthodontic Extraction Pattern in Bimaxillary Protrusion Case. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(1):39-43.

5.  Clinical Innovation
Kansal’s Retainer: A Removable, Tooth-Borne Orthodontic Retainer
Sudhanshu Kansal, Piush Kumar, Gurkeerat Singh, Pradeep Raghav, Vimal Thareja
[Year:2013] [Month:October-December(Supplement-II)] [Volume:47 ] [Number:4] [Pages:62] [Pages No:353-356] [No of Hits : 1056]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1186 | FREE


Adequate retention of a finished orthodontic patient can be the difference between a successful or an unsuccessful treatment. The acrylic portion of the conventional Hawley’s appliance causes a reduced compliance in many orthodontic patients. In an attempt to overcome the drawbacks of the previously used orthodontic retainers a tooth-borne orthodontic retainer was designed, also called the ‘Kansal’s retainer’ (Patent pending).

Keywords: Retainer, Tooth-borne, Kansal’s bow.

How to cite this article: Kansal S, Kumar P, Singh G, Raghav P, Thareja V. Kansal’s Retainer: A Removable, Tooth-Borne Orthodontic Retainer. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(4):353-356.

6.  Case Report
‘M’ Mechanics for the Management of Maxillary Midline Diastema
Anand Pramod Sondankar, Nitin Gulve, Sheetal Patani
[Year:2013] [Month:October-December] [Volume:47 ] [Number:4] [Pages:62] [Pages No:229-231] [No of Hits : 1009]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1163 | FREE


Maxillary midline diastema is commonly occurring malocclusion. Variety of treatment modalities are suggested for the management of diastema. This article presents a case report in which 14-year-old female patient was treated for the maxillary midline diastema of size 3 mm after extraction of supernumerary tooth between upper central incisors. The index of orthodontic treatment was mild (Grade 2). MBT 0.022'' brackets were bonded on the maxillary central incisors. M spring was fabricated, activated and ligated initially with round archwire followed by rectangular archwire. Successful closure of diastema was seen with total treatment duration of 4 months. This method is efficient, effective, require less inventory. This saves precious chairside time of orthodontics and reduces treatment duration as well.

Keywords: Malocclusion, Diastema, Archwire, Bonding, Brackets.

How to cite this article: Sondankar AP, Gulve N, Patani S. 'M' Mechanics for the Management of Maxillary Midline Diastema. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(4):229-231.

7.  Clinical Innovations
Customized Digital Case Presentation Template in Microsoft Word 2007
PG Makhija, Anup Belludi, Amit Bhardwaj, Virag Bhatia, Madhur Navlani, Geetika Tomar
[Year:2013] [Month:January-March] [Volume:47 ] [Number:1] [Pages:52] [Pages No:44-47] [No of Hits : 915]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1128 | FREE


Introduction: In today’s era of digital orthodontics, digital communication and presentation skills require regular updating. Case presentation and patient communication require an effort to manipulate digital records to be put in the unique digital case presentation format which is custom-made to fulfill one’s own or institutional requirement. These digital templates can easily be made in Microsoft Word 2007 and then can be printed on suitable paper for permanent records.

Problem: This methodical arrangement of photos, X-rays and cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) stills in a single document is time consuming and difficult procedure for many. The presentation is not standardized for want of standardized template common for all patients.

Method: A step-by-step guide to make customized digital case presentation template (DCPT) in MS Word 2007and its use is described in this article.

Conclusion: Customized digital case presentation template (DCPT) is an easy method to make it once and use it forever. Template made in MS Word 2007 can be used as a tool for digital records presentation during routine teaching, PG exams and qualifying board exams. The template automatically resizes the photos and radiographs as per aspect ratio and fits the particular picture in prescribed dimensions in a tabular photomount format.

Comments: This article aims at showing how to make a customized DCPT. Although not a universal standard for all; it can be customized for making guidelines or requirements for appearing/presenting at individual/institutional level like particular college, clinic or IBO.

Keywords: Photomount, Photo collage, Digital photos, Orthodontics, Photo layout, MS Word 2007, Document template, Digital case presentation template.

How to cite this article: Makhija PG, Belludi A, Bhardwaj A, Bhatia V, Navlani M, Tomar G. Customized Digital Case Presentation Template in Microsoft Word 2007. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(1):44-47.

8.  Clinical Innovations
New Essix Retainer for Both Retention and Habit Control
Arvind Thakur, Ajay Mathur, NG Toshniwal, Om P Kharbanda
[Year:2013] [Month:April-June] [Volume:47 ] [Number:2] [Pages:60] [Pages No:107-109] [No of Hits : 855]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1138 | FREE


Many methods have been used to correct abnormal tongue habits. A mechanical device, such as tongue spurs or cribs offers help till they are in the mouth, but the habit often returns when the device is removed. Patients with a tongue thrusting habit complain to their clinicians, of spaces reopening, proclination of anteriors and contraction of the arch, though the clinician initially successfully treated the case.

Keywords:Essix retainer, Habits, Tongue thrusting, Tongue cribs.

How to Cite this article: Thakur A, Mathur A, Toshniwal NG, Kharbanda OP. New Essix Retainer for Both Retention and Habit Control. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(2):107-109.

9.  Original Articles
A Cephalometric Study of Various Horizontal Reference Planes in Natural Head Position
Divya Shetty, Dinesh Kumar Bagga, Sandeep Goyal, Payal Sharma
[Year:2013] [Month:July-September] [Volume:47 ] [Number:3] [Pages:58] [Pages No:143-147] [No of Hits : 849]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1146 | FREE


Various intra and extracranial cephalometric horizontal reference planes have been used to formulate diagnosis and plan individualized treatment for an integrated correction of the malocclusion.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate variability of intracranial reference planes, i.e sella-nasion, basion-nasion, Frankfurt horizontal, functional occlusal, mandibular and maxillary-mandibular bisector planes, in relation to the true horizontal plane in natural head position and their relationship to each other.

Materials and methods: For the present study, 100 subjects (50 males and 50 females) were selected between the age group of 17 and 25 years having pleasing profile with competent lips with Angle’s Class I molar relationship and normal overjet and overbite with no history of taking any form of orthodontic treatment.

Results: The data collected was statistically analyzed. Pearson’s correlation coefficient to quantify the strength of association between the pairs of angular variables was calculated. Their significance, i.e. p-value was set at p < 0.001.
Reproducibility for natural head position over a 2-month period was quantified by measuring the difference between the variable Frankfurt horizontal/ true horizontal at initial (T1) and second (T2) recordings of the randomly selected subjects (n = 10). Significance for statistical test was set at p < 0.05. The results inferred on studying the data for intraindividual natural head position reproducibility was that the reproducibility was less variable (more reliable) than the interindividual variability of craniofacial reference planes related to horizontal plane.

Conclusion: Among all the reference planes studied, the Frankfurt horizontal plane was closest to the true horizontal and thus could be recommended as a reference plane, when radiographs were not recorded in natural head position.

Keywords: Cephalometric, NHP, Malocclusion.

How to cite this article: Shetty D, Bagga DK, Goyal S, Sharma P. A Cephalometric Study of Various Horizontal Reference Planes in Natural Head Position. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(3):143-147.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

10.  Original Articles
Bracket Bond Strength with Transillumination of a Light Activated Orthodontic Adhesive and the Effect of Curing Time and Tooth Thickness on it: An in vitro Study
Piush Kumar, Rabindra S Nayak, Kenneth Tan, KA Mohan, Azam Pasha
[Year:2013] [Month:July-September] [Volume:47 ] [Number:3] [Pages:58] [Pages No:148-153] [No of Hits : 766]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1147 | FREE


Objective: This study was conducted to compare the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with the conventional technique, transillumination technique and the combination of both the techniques; the effect of curing time on the bond strength of the brackets bonded with the transillumination method; and the amount of light passing through different thickness of teeth.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in vitro on 175 extracted human teeth (50 incisors and 125 premolars). In the first part of the study, the amount of light passing through different thickness of teeth was studied and, for second part, brackets were bonded with transillumination method and conventional method followed by shear bond strength testing using an instron machine.

Results: The amount of light passing through the tooth depends on the thickness of the tooth. Only a small fraction of the original light intensity passes through the tooth but this is adequate to achieve clinically acceptable bond strengths.
The bond strength achieved with transillumination method is comparable to the conventional light cure technique. Ten seconds of transillumination followed by conventional curing leads to an increase in bond strength and this increase is clinically significant.

Conclusion: Transillumination technique is a viable method for bonding orthodontic attachments.

Keywords: Transillumination, Orthodontic bracket, Bond strength.

How to cite this article: Kumar P, Nayak RS, Tan K, Mohan KA, Pasha A. Bracket Bond Strength with Transillumination of a Light Activated Orthodontic Adhesive and the Effect of Curing Time and Tooth Thickness on it: An in vitro Study. J Ind Orthod Soc 2013;47(3):148-153.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

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