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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  Clinical Innovation
Soldered Power Arm: An Easy and Effective Method for Intrusion and Retraction of Anterior Teeth
Ketan K Vakil, Pawankumar Dnyandeo Tekale, Jeegar K Vakil
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:72-75] [No of Hits : 2454]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1221 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The orthodontic correction of deep overbite can be achieved with several mechanisms that will result in true intrusion of anterior teeth, extrusion of posterior teeth, or a combination of both. For the orthodontic correction of bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion with deep bite, there are several treatment modalities like segmented arch approach, retraction and intrusion utility arches, temporary anchorage devices. Though not a novel therapeutic concept, the use of miniscrew implants to obtain absolute anchorage has recently become very popular in clinical orthodontic approaches. To allow the use of sliding mechanics for bodily retraction with intrusion of anterior teeth, we devised a soldered power arm (SPA) on standard molar tube. It is simple, stable, precise and effective in cases where anterior teeth need to be simultaneously retracted and intruded. A power arm can be readily fabricated from 20 gauge stainless steel wire and soldered on the molar buccal tube so as to avoid any distortion or loosening of power arm from molar tube during the course of the treatment. The SPA works efficiently with the molar being stabilized in all three planes of space. The resultant force vector is directed more apically toward the center of resistance of the anchor unit, which resulted in the treatment outcome of retraction and intrusion of the anterior teeth and correction of the deep bite.

Keywords: Soldered power arm, Retraction, Intrusion, Adult treatment.

How to cite this article: Vakil KK, Tekale PD, Vakil JK. Soldered

Power Arm: An Easy and Effective Method for Intrusion and Retraction of Anterior Teeth. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1):72-75.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 29/6/13

Accepted after Revision: 16/7/13

 
2.  Clinical Innovation
Gagster: A New Technique for Maxillary Impression without Gagging
Abraham Thomas, Budharaju Srinivas Raju, Manoj Varma, Faizal Chulliyile Peedikayil, Dinesh Gopal
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:69-71] [No of Hits : 2190]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1220 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Gagging during maxillary impression procedures is a patient reflex considered normal, often encountered by orthodontists. In the maxillary impression making technique described the commonly available plastic food grade wraps are used and have been named as Gagster. It helps to reduce the posterior flow of impression material and also prevents accidental aspiration.

Keywords: Gagster, Gag reflex, Maxillary impression.

How to cite this article: Thomas A, Raju BS, Varma M, Peedikayil FC, Gopal D. Gagster: A New Technique for Maxillary Impression without Gagging. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1): 69-71.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 28/4/13

Accepted after Revision: 21/6/13

 
3.  Original Article
Cephalometric Assessment of Sagittal Dysplasia: A Review of Twenty-One Methods
Vinay Kumar, Shobha Sundareswaran
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:33-41] [No of Hits : 1240]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1215 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The anteroposterior discrepancy is usually of utmost concern to patients and parents and hence has received maximum attention in orthodontics. A number of analyses have been proposed over the years with varying degrees of reliability and success in assessing sagittal jaw relationships. It is absolutely essential that a clinician be aware of a range of analyses to be used in different situations. This review provides an insight into the various cephalometric methods used for evaluation of the anteroposterior jaw relationship in chronologic order and their clinical implications in contemporary orthodontics.

Keywords: Sagittal dysplasia, Anteroposterior discrepancy, Cephalometric analysis.

How to cite this article: Kumar V, Sundareswaran S. Cephalometric Assessment of Sagittal Dysplasia: A Review of Twenty-One Methods. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1):33-41.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 25/5/13

Accepted after Revision: 20/6/13

 
4.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Influence of Alcohol and Alcohol-free Mouthrinses on Force Degradation of Different Types of Space Closure Auxiliaries used in Sliding Mechanics
Vivek Mahajan, Anil Singla, Anurag Negi, Harupinder Singh Jaj, Vikrant Bhandari
[Year:2014] [Month:October-December (Supplement-IV)] [Volume:48 ] [Number:4] [Pages:70] [Pages No:546-551] [No of Hits : 916]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The objective of the study was to evaluate the percentage of force degradation of elastomeric chains, NiTi closed coil spring and stainless steel closed coil spring at different time intervals in different media.

Materials and methods: Three types of space closing auxiliaries, such as elastomeric chains, NiTi closed coil springs and stainless steel coil springs immersed in artificial saliva, alcohol-free mouthrinse (Colgate plax) and alcohol-containing mouthrinse (Listerine) at time interval of 1, 4, 7,14, 21 and 28 days were divided into nine groups of 15 each: Group I- 15 polyurethane elastomeric chain immersed inside artificial saliva (Control). Group II-15 polyurethane elastomeric chain immersed inside alcohol-free mouthrinse. Group III- 15 polyurethane elastomeric chain immersed inside alcoholcontaining mouthrinse. Group IV-15 stainless steel closed coil springs immersed inside artificial saliva (Control). Group V- 15 stainless steel closed coil springs immersed inside alcoholfree mouthrinse. Group VI-15 stainless steel closed coil springs immersed inside alcohol-containing mouthrinse. Group VII- 15 NiTi closed coil springs immersed inside artificial saliva (Control). Group VIII-15 nickel titanium closed coil springs immersed inside alcohol-free mouthrinse. Group IX- 15 NiTi closed coil springs immersed inside alcohol-containing mouthrinse. The percentage of force degradation was measured with the universal testing machine.

Results: The force produced by elastomeric chain, stainless steel closed coil spring and NiTi closed coil spring at seven time intervals in artificial saliva, alcohol-free mouthwash and alcohol-containing mouthwash showed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: The force degradation in alcohol-containing mouthwash solution (Listerine) is more as compared to alcoholfree mouthwash solution (Colgate plax).

Keywords: Force degradation, Listerine, Colgate plax.

How to cite this article: Mahajan V, Singla A, Negi A, Jaj HS, Bhandari V. Influence of Alcohol and Alcohol-free Mouthrinses on Force Degradation of Different Types of Space Closure Auxiliaries used in Sliding Mechanics. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014; 48(4):546-551.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 25/6/14

Accepted after revision: 17/7/14

 
5.  Case Report
Orthodontic-Surgical Management of a Skeletal Class II Patient with Reverse Smile Arc and Vertical Maxillary Excess
N Vijay, K Sadashiva Shetty, Jayshree Dilip Daryanani
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:54-61] [No of Hits : 715]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1218 | FREE

ABSTRACT

This is a case report of a 17-year-old female patient who presented with skeletal Class II malocclusion with excessive vertical growth of the maxilla and a reverse smile arc. Vertical maxillary excess, thin alveolar troughs, proclined upper and lower anterior teeth, excessive curve of Spee, crowding in the lower arch and excessive eruption of upper and lower incisors led to the decision of combination of orthodontic and surgical treatment. A combined orthodontic and surgical approach resulted in harmony in occlusion, function and esthetics in this patient.

Keywords: Vertical maxillary excess, Reverse smile arc, Thin alveolar troughs.

How to cite this article: Vijay N, Shetty KS, Daryanani JD. Orthodontic-Surgical Management of a Skeletal Class II Patient with Reverse Smile Arc and Vertical Maxillary Excess. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1):54-61.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 28/1/13

Accepted after Revision: 22/3/13

 
6.  Clinical Innovation
A New Method to retain the Posterior Bite Blocks for Anterior Crossbite Correction
Nabeel Ahmad, Akram Ansari, Anil Gera, Gurmeet Kaur
[Year:2014] [Month:April-June] [Volume:48 ] [Number:2] [Pages:70] [Pages No:139-140] [No of Hits : 678]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1233 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Anterior dental crossbite is a common problem in which maxillary anterior teeth are locked behind the mandibular anteriors. Orthodontic treatment of anterior teeth crossbite need unlocking of upper anterior teeth. Several methods are used to raise the bite for anterior teeth crossbite correction. Posterior acrylic bite blocks are commonly used to raise the bite. Here, in this article, a new method is described to retain the posterior bite block for anterior crossbite correction.

Keywords: Anterior dental crossbite, Orthodontic treatment, Posterior acrylic bite blocks.

How to cite this article: Ahmad N, Ansari A, Gera A, Kaur G. A New Method to retain the Posterior Bite Blocks for Anterior Crossbite Correction. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(2):139-140.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 5/1/13

Accepted after Revision: 3/6/13

 
7.  Original Article
Dermatoglyphics and Cheiloscopy in the Inheritance of Cleft Lip and Palate: Unraveling the Mystery
Naveen Reddy Admala, Sharmila Arjunan, Gopinath Adusumilli, Jayaprakash Reddy Thirumala, Raghu Devanna, Saravanan Pichai
[Year:2014] [Month:July-September] [Volume:48 ] [Number:3] [Pages:74] [Pages No:175-179] [No of Hits : 648]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1240 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dermatoglyphic and cheiloscopic analysis have been useful in understanding basic questions in biology, medicine, genetics, evolution and forensics. They are now beginning to prove themselves as an extremely useful tool for preliminary investigations into conditions with a suspected genetic basis.

Materials and methods: Case-control type of study consisting of two groups of thirty parents each of cleft lip with/without palate, CL(P) affected children (Group A) and normal children (Group B). Study aims to determine the presence of any dermatoglyphic asymmetry and correlation between finger prints and lip pattern, among the two groups.
Prints of all ten fingers were taken by Ink method and recorded on white paper. Lip patterns were obtained by direct photography of the subjects in natural head position.

Results: Chi-square test was done to determine the significance of occurrence of different patterns among the two study groups.
Increased dermatoglyphic asymmetry with higher ulnar loop patterns was seen in Group A. Whorl patterns were increased in Group B.
An increase in type I (straight grooves) and II (branches) in Group A and type III (intersected lines) in Group B was seen in lip patterns.

Conclusion: A highly significant correlation was observed in finger prints and lip patterns in parents with CL(P) affected children and hence can prove to be an extremely useful screening tool for CL(P) and other associated genetic anomalies.

Keywords: CL (P), Finger prints, Lip patterns, Dermatoglyphics, Cheiloscopy.

How to cite this article: Admala NR, Arjunan S Adusumilli G, Thirumala JR, Devanna R, Pichai S. Dermatoglyphics and Cheiloscopy in the Inheritance of Cleft Lip and Palate: Unraveling the Mystery. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(3):175-179.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 25/12/12

Accepted after Revision: 31/3/13

 
8.  Case Report
Treatment of Angle Class I Malocclusion with Severe Bimaxillary Protrusion using Miniscrew Implants and Periodontal Ligament Distraction
KC Prabhat, ND Gupta, Sandhya Maheshwari, Sanjeev K Verma, Lata Goyal, Raj Kumar Singh
[Year:2014] [Month:April-June] [Volume:48 ] [Number:2] [Pages:70] [Pages No:121-128] [No of Hits : 623]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1230 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion is common in Asian population. In this patient with procumbent upper and lower lips, excessive lip strain, proclined and protruded maxillary and mandibular incisors with vertical growth pattern, an acceptable treatment result, was achieved with 4-first-premolar extractions. This case report is presented with the aim, to describe the treatment approach for bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion using miniscrew implants for anchorage in upper arch and periodontal ligament distraction for canine retraction in lower arch and then retraction of incisors into the newly formed bone distal to lateral incisor. Treatment was completed in 18 months. The patient profile was improved, with reduction in lip procumbency, decrease in lip eversion and protrusion, and decrease mentalis strain. Dentally, the interincisal angulation improved significantly because both the maxillary and mandibular incisors were uprighted after space closer.

Keywords: Bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion, Miniscrew implants, Periodontal ligament distraction.

How to cite this article: Prabhat KC, Gupta ND, Maheshwari S, Verma SK, Goyal L, Singh RK. Treatment of Angle Class I Malocclusion with Severe Bimaxillary Protrusion using Miniscrew Implants and Periodontal Ligament Distraction. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(2):121-128.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 15/1/13

Accepted after Revision: 14/2/13

 
9.  Research Article
Future Practice Plans of Orthodontic Postgraduate Residents in India
Chanjyot Singh Walia, Vinay Dua, Shilpa Gupta, Amol Verulkar
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:1-6] [No of Hits : 623]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1210 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the future practice plans of the Orthodontic residents in India.

Materials and methods: Questionnaire totaling 37 items was drafted and posted along self-addressed (return) envelopes to the respective Head of Orthodontic departments of 120 dental schools. This survey was also carried out at the postgraduate student convention at Manali in 2011. A total of 1200 questionnaire forms were circulated and 781 forms were received back. Survey was started in February 2011 and completed in August 2011. Basic statistic including Chi-square test was performed for the comparative analysis based on sex and region.

Results: 100% of the respondants were satisfied with the choice of the subject while 44% opted for the prosthodontia as their second choice if given chance. 72% residents were satisfied with 3 years duration of the course. 77% of them were planning to take IBO certification while 80% residents were against making it against compulsory. 57% residents said they will be looking for a job while 30% wanted to start practice right after their postgraduate course completion. Self-ligating brackets are expected to gain ground with 71% residents expecting to use them and 55% were for the use of Invasilign. 89% were going to use fixed functional appliance. 90% residents plan to use TAD in their practice and fixed retainer was clear favorite (53%). The choices were uniform among the male and female respondants and also no clear regional significant differences were evident between the various regions.

Conclusion: Indian Orthodontic programs would not find a shortage of full-time academicians in the future. Residents favor 35- to 36-month programs with a research-based component. Newer techniques, e.g. Digital Imaging, TAD, SLB are here to stay.

Keywords: Postgraduate, Practice, Orthodontics.

How to cite this article: Walia CS, Dua V, Gupta S, Verulkar A. Future Practice Plans of Orthodontic Postgraduate Residents in India. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1):1-6.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 6/8/12

Accepted after Revision: 14/10/12

 
10.  Research Article
Facial Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms in a Central Indian Ethnic Population
Shruti Chhajed, Sridhar Kodumuru, Gurmukh Singh, AV Arun, Sudheer Kumar Cholleti, Sonal Kothari
[Year:2014] [Month:January-March] [Volume:48 ] [Number:1] [Pages:75] [Pages No:7-13] [No of Hits : 576]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1211 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: Based on Arnett's soft tissue cephalometric analysis (STCA), the present study aims to establish cephalometric norms for central Indian population and any significant sexual dimorphism.

Materials and methods: The digital lateral cephalograms of 100 adults (50 males and 50 females) between the age group of 17 to 25 years with normal occlusion and well-balanced faces were obtained. These radiographs were manually traced according to Arnett’s STCA. The obtained values were statistically analyzed to establish STC norms for central Indian population.

Results: Significant differences were observed in the lateral cephalometric norms between the central Indian and the white samples. Also significant sexual dimorphism was noted between males and females of the central Indian sample.

Conclusion: Ethnic differences exist between central Indian and white sample which should be considered when formulating an orthodontic treatment plan for Indian population.

Keywords: Soft tissue cephalometrics, True vertical line, Natural head position, Central Indians, Caucasians.

How to cite this article: Chhajed S, Kodumuru S, Singh G, Arun AV, Cholleti SK, Kothari S. Facial Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms in a Central Indian Ethnic Population. J Ind Orthod Soc 2014;48(1):7-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Received on: 9/4/13

Accepted after Revision: 16/5/13

 
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